Posted on July 25, by Dr. Jeremy Nicholson Some people believe you can find and grow love by being selfless. Their relationship advice is to give to others, be what they want, and they will love you back. Others believe the opposite. From my perspective, both of those views are a little off. Both people are looking for an exchange. Both want their needs met.
Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 21, A behavioral theory of impulsiveness and impulsive control. Psychological Bulletin, 82,
Find psychology articles, study notes and learn about the theories and perspectives that have shaped the discipline. Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychology refers to the study of human mental processes and their role in thinking, feeling, and behaving.
It has something to do with partisan rancor. Uscinski February 19, Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia died just days ago, but already conspiracy theories about his death abound. After all, we live in a democracy. If a substantial portion of Americans operate in a conspiracy-fueled delirium, how can we make sound decisions, choose thoughtful leaders and support rational policies?
Those concerns motivated psychologists and social scientists like me to try to better understand why people believe conspiracy theories and what the consequences are. In the past decade, scientists have conducted hundreds of opinion polls and laboratory experiments on the subject, leading to the publication of dozens of books and scholarly articles. Based on this emerging body of research, the explosion of Scalia assassination theories is probably two-fold.
First, some people are, by their nature, inclined toward conspiratorial logic. Second, partisans tend to view their side as virtuous and the opposition as ignorant, wrong-headed, corrupt and perhaps evil. Increasingly partisan times , like these, stir the pot even more. Using polling and questionnaires, scientists developed a list of questions about political control and secrecy. Through these experiments, researchers found that conspiratorial thinking falls on a spectrum.
Some people are very inclined toward conspiracy theories, seeing them lurking behind every corner, no matter the facts.
What are thoughts but electrical impulses among brain cells? What are ideas but novel firings of those cells? What are mental problems if not impulses that have misfired? In the way that chemistry arose from the ashes of alchemy, neuroscience, a field still in its infancy, may one day subsume psychology, laying bare our inner universe, which has remained hidden for so long.
Jan 11, · Psychotherapist Matthew Dempsey breaks down the psychological nuts and bolts of why we’re attracted to the people we are in this first video on relationships.
Yet in many situations, even in the hard sciences, it is the most useful means of all. The value of intuition is underplayed in many areas of life, nowhere less so than in online dating. Most dating websites are engines of algorithmic-powered rationality. It is slow, deliberative and analytical, a product of our relatively recently evolved prefrontal cortex; it enables us to make complex computations, and to direct our attention at particular tasks. System 1, by contrast, is fast, automatic and emotion-led, driven by far older neural circuits; it operates automatically and with little sense of agency.
System 1 is intuition. Effective decision-making requires both systems — but sometimes it is better to use one over the other. In the real offline world, sussing out a potential partner is — at least in the beginning — indisputably a system 1 activity. Humans are remarkably adept at navigating complex social worlds and instinctively picking up on familiar signs that might indicate compatibility. This is intuition in over-drive.
Modern-day Dale Carnegie The Psychology of Attraction In fact, the psychology of attraction is based on one simple rule. We are attracted to people who turn us on. I don’t just mean physically, I mean emotionally turn us on. In fact, the psychology of attraction is based on one simple rule. Leading psychologist John Dewey discovered one of the most fundamental aspects of people.
In an online dating study from Australia, people employed a “filtering” process, which included attractiveness and psychical proximity (Couch and Liamputtong, ). The physical attraction factor does play a role in dating, but if that is all that is present, chances are that the relationship will not work.
As a window of opportunity for positive change, the present review considers the theoretical and empirical work on adolescent dating and dating violence. A consideration of the scope of the problem, developmental processes, and theoretical formulations precede a review of six relationship violence prevention programs designed for and delivered to youth. Five programs are school-based and one operates in the community.
Prevention is targeted toward both universal e. Programs addressed specific skills and knowledge that oppose the use of violent and abusive behavior toward intimate partners; one program addressed interpersonal violence more generally, and was also included in this review because of its implications for dating violence initiatives. Positive changes were found across studies in violence-related attitudes and knowledge, also, positive gains were noted in self-reported perpetration of dating violence, with less consistent evidence in self-reported victimization.
However, these findings should be considered preliminary due to limited follow-up and generalizability. Conceptual and methodological issues are discussed with a view toward improving assessment methods and research design. Previous article in issue.
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Nine psychological tasks for a good marriage Research on what makes a marriage work shows that people in a good marriage have completed these psychological “tasks”: Separate emotionally from the family you grew up in; not to the point of estrangement, but enough so that your identity is separate from that of your parents and siblings.
Rochester Institute of Technology This review discusses how two theories–evolutionary psychology and social structural theory–apply to mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression. It compares explanations from both theories for each sex difference. Evolutionary psychology maintains that sex differences develop biologically as people adapt to changes in the environment. The main focus in evolutionary psychology is reproduction of future generations.
Social structural theory maintains that sex differences result from changes in society and social roles occupied by men and women. Social structural theory also draws upon cultural explanations. This paper compares the perspectives of evolutionary psychology and social structural theory on sex differences in jealousy, mate preferences, and aggression. These two theories shed somewhat different lights on the origins of sex differences between men and women.
Both theories discuss sex differences in mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression. Explanations from the two theories are compared and contrasted. Explanations for Sex Differences Evolutionary psychologists have developed a theory to explain the origins of differences between men and women.
Emphasis is placed on the customs that regulate choice of mates. A counterperspective views the family as an association. This perspective centers instead on the couple and attempts to understand the process of marital dyad formation. Both of these perspectives generate an abundance of knowledge concerning mate selection. Beginning primarily in the s, theoretical and empirical work in the area of mate selection has made great advances in answering the fundamental question “Who marries whom?
Sociological inquiry that sees the family as a social institution in the context of the larger society focuses instead on the evolution of courtship systems as societies modernize.
The basis of the social exchange theory as applied to romantic relationships is that sex in a heterosexual community is a valuable commodity that a woman .
Edit Temporary spouse-trading is practiced as an element of ritual initiation into the Lemba secret society in the French Congo through “wife exchange” : This trading of sexual favours Because I have been dead I am going to institute the papisj, wife exchange. Several motivations for temporary spouse-trading are practiced among the Inuit: Among the Inuit , a very specialized and socially-circumscribed form of wife-sharing was practiced.
When hunters were away, they would often stumble into the tribal lands of other tribes, and be subject to death for the offense. But, when they could show a “relationship” by virtue of a man, father or grandfather who had sex with their wife, mother or other female relatives, the wandering hunter was then regarded as family. The Inuit had specific terminology and language describing the complex relationships that emerged from this practice of wife sharing.
A man called another man “aipak” if the man had sex with his wife. Aipak means, “other me. These additional lovers then take on the role of secondary or tertiary fathers to the child. If the primary father should die, the other men then have a social obligation to support these children. Research has shown that children with such “extra” fathers have improved life outcomes, in this economically and resource-poor area of the jungle.